Food Poisoning can cause by consuming harmful foods that contain germs, harmful bacteria, viruses or worms.
The food poisoning symptoms occur due to food product poisoning or unhygienic surroundings while eating.
You can suffer from food that you may eat from various hotels, cafeteria, unhygienic street foods or raw or undercooked food.
It may lead to stomach flu and foodborne illness.
- Feeling of Sickness
- Bloody Urine
- Severe Dehydration
- Stomach Pain
These symptoms may lead to foodborne illness in pregnant women because of the altered immune system.
In this article, we will talk about the symptoms in details and how to know if you have food poisoning.
What causes Food Poisoning?
- Bacteria and Viruses: It is the most common cause of food poisoning or may vary depending upon which bacteria contaminated the food.
- Parasites: This type of virus is not as common as food poisoning caused by bacteria.
In the United States, the most common foodborne parasites are protozoa, roundworms, and tapeworms.
- Allergens: Food allergy is an abnormal response to a food triggered by your body’s immune system. Foods such as eggs, cheese, nuts or milk cause allergic reactions in people suffering from food allergies. It may weakened immune system.
Early Signs and Symptoms of Food Poisoning
- Abdominal Pain
- Chest Pain
- Severe Headaches
- Severe Dehydration
- Allergic Reaction
- Weakness or Feeling of Sickness
- Nausea or Fatigue
- Loss of Appetite
- Back Pain and Muscle Aches
1. Abdominal Pain
When you eat poor quality of food, it causes severe pain in your abdomen.
Food Poisoning causes inflammation, bad stomach pain, or diarrhea.
The harmful organisms produce toxins that irritate the lining of your stomach and intestines. It results in pain in the abdomen and stomach.
People with food poisoning may experience cramps, and make your abdominal pain may be very uncomfortable.
What are the signs of food poisoning?
- Severe Abdominal Pain or Diarrhea
- Vomiting out blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds
- Pain that becomes worse after you take meals
- Pain that starts suddenly and does not cure with medicines
- Bloody Diarrhea
These symptoms are annoying and to get ease try lying down, drink peppermint leaves or flush the toxins from the body.
Another food poisoning symptoms include vomiting or vomit out blood.
It is one of the worst symptoms happens when your body is trying to get rid of all the wrong food that you ate.
Vomiting occurs as your body tries to get rid of dangerous organisms or toxins.
It may further lead to dehydration or diarrhea.
In case you are vomiting out continuously and unable to take fluids, visit a doctor and take medicines.
3. Chest Pain
Food Poisoning may lead to gas pain that may feel in the abdomen, and also occurs in the chest.
Gas pain in the chest is common or may also lead to tightening in the chest area.
It happens due to indigestion, loss of appetite or bloating.
The pain often occurs in the lower chest due to reaction to certain foods or substances.
Food Poisoning symptoms and signs include:
- Chest discomforts like squeezing, pressure, or heaviness in the heart
- A feeling of the heart beating quickly or fluttering
- Difficulty in breathing
- A sense of pain or dreadfulness
- Shortness of breath with painful legs
Thus, In the case of severe chest pain, you should go to the health specialist for treatment.
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4. Severe Headaches
A headache is common when you are suffering from vomiting or diarrhea.
Continuous vomiting, fever or pain may lead to a headache, weakness or numbness.
A severe condition can be a sign of food poisoning.
It can last for many hours and drive yourself crazy due to pain.
5. Severe Dehydration
Dehydration is a reduction in total body water.
On an average, most people tolerate 3-4% reduction of fluid from the body without adversity or adverse health effects.
But 5 to 8% reduction can cause dizziness or fatigue.
Mild dehydration can appear due to thirst or discomfort and can get resolved with oral rehydration.
Dehydration occurs when the water from the body and electrolytes stores gets reduced.
In the case of food poisoning, the body loses fluid due to diarrhea or vomiting.
If you have a dry mouth, feeling sleepy or drowsy or a headache, you may be experiencing severe dehydration.
Food poisoning symptoms and dehydration symptoms includes:
- An extreme level of thirst
- Dizziness and fatigue
- Dark colored urine and less frequent urination
However, symptoms in young child and adult include
- Dry mouth and tongue
- No tears while crying
- Sunken eyes or cheeks and irritability
For severe dehydration, visit the doctor for oral rehydration as it can not only cure by drinking water.
You must also avoid contaminated water and drink only filter or boiled water.
A high-temperature fever occurs due to infections or when body temperature rises higher than its normal range.
It can make a person discomfort, irritated or may disturb the sleep.
In case of food poisoning, the bacteria released either by the immune system or infection that entered in your body.
In case of mild fever, your body experiences high temperature, and harmful organisms enter in your body.
Signs of food poisoning due to fever
The signs and symptoms of food poisoning appear from one hour to four days, after consuming infected food.
- It can be caused by eating unhealthy food.
- It is due to infections or bacteria that may enter the body by eating from unwashed hands or eating unhygienic food.
7. Allergic Reaction
An allergy can cause due to eating allergic food or indigestion of any substance such as food or any medication.
Its symptoms can be mild or severe.
The food allergy happens after eating infected food or food that triggers digestive problems.
According to centers for disease control, It can cause severe symptoms or life-threatening reaction in some people.
Food poisoning symptoms includes
- Itchiness in the mouth
- Swelling of the tongue, lips, face, throat and others parts of the body
- Wheezing, difficulty in breathing or nasal congestion
- Rashes, redness or hives on the body
When you get allergy after eating food or by taking medicines that cause allergy, see your doctor to get a diagnosis.
According to Mayo Clinic, seek emergency treatment when you see these symptoms.
- Constriction of airways that makes it difficult to breathe
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Rapid pulse rate
8. Weakness or Feeling of Sickness
Weakness or feeling of sickness are the early signs of food poisoning.
A person who has food poisoning, experiences fatigue, a feeling of sickness, or tiredness.
These symptoms occur as our immune system responds to fight the infections that entered in the body.
What are the signs of food poisoning
- Lack of appetite
- Lack of sleep
- Fatigue or nausea
- Poor eating habits
- Food allergies
When you feel sick or tired, it is better to get rest and sleep well to get your body recharged.
9. Nausea or Fatigue
Fatigue occurs due to the feeling of being sleepy and drained of energy and nausea when your stomach feels burn or uneasiness and not able to vomit out.
What causes fatigue and nausea?
It can cause due to many factors such as emotional, psychological or sedentary lifestyle habits.
- Usage of excessive alcohol
- Unhealthy eating habits
- Lack of physical activities or tiredness
- Lack of sleep
- Too much consumption of caffeine
- It can occur due to stress, anxiety or symptoms of depression
However, nausea related to food poisoning comes between one and eight hours after a meal.
You can treat nausea with the help of natural remedies.
Take help of health specialist if nausea, fatigue is accompanied by a headache, chest pain, fever, difficulty breathing or yellowing of the eyes and skin.
To treat fatigue and nausea get enough sleep, eat healthy foods, and exercise on a regular basis with a combination of medicines.
10. Loss of Appetite
Loss of Appetite can be due to many reasons, one of them is food poisoning.
It reduces your desire to eat, and the idea of food makes you sick and may irritate your stomach.
It may also be known as poor appetite or anorexia.
The reasons that cause loss of appetite are
- Infections such as viral, fungal, bacterial or respiratory infections that cause loss of appetite.
- Psychological factors such as stress or anxiety, fear of losing or gaining weight.
- It occurs due to many diseases such as heart or kidney failure, chronic liver disease or hepatitis.
- The other symptoms such as pregnancy or cancer may cause loss of appetite.
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11. Back Pain and Muscle Aches
The food poisoning symptoms include back pain or muscles ache that may appear due to inflammation of stomach or food borne illness.
During this, our body produces histamine, that allows more blood vessels to the body to fight infections.
As per Healthline, Histamine helps widen the blood flow to the infected parts of your body.
It makes certain parts of the body sensitive to pain.
How to know if you have food poisoning
- Weakness or numbness in your legs
- Back pain related to fever
- Inflammation in your body
- History of cancer
- Back pain with stomach burn or illness
To prevent food poisoning maintain personal or food hygiene, clean your kitchen often and prepare food with cleanliness.
Food poisoning can cause due to many factors, and its effects can be daunting.
It may lead to abdominal or stomach pain, fever, bloatedness, hoarseness or many others symptoms.
Food poisoning symptoms and its causes
Various foods that cause food poisoning and stomach infections include:
- Raw or uncooked chicken or poultry
- Unwashed fruits or vegetables
- Raw shellfish
- Unpasteurized dairy products
Poisoning can be diagnosed within a few hours, days or may lead to severe symptoms.
It can be prevented or diagnosed with early precautions and prescribed medications.
The best way is to eat at home, avoid food storage for many days, and avoid unhygienic street foods.
However, there are many tips and prevention to avoid food poisoning.
Tips to avoid food poisoning symptoms
- Always wash fruits and vegetables before its consumption.
- Wash your hands and utensils often
- Maintain cleanliness and hygiene in the kitchen
- Refrigerate leftover food if not consumed within 4 hours
- Don’t eat wild mushrooms
- Don’t consume expired packed foods.
- Wash your hands often and cover your head while cooking
- Make sure to cook beef, lean meat or raw meat properly
- Avoid eating raw meat or vegetables that may cause infections
- Do not use the same dishes for raw and cooked meat
- Avoid those foods that may contain bacteria or infections
Food Poisoning Treatment
In most of the cases, food poisoning is mild and get cleared in a few days.
In mild cases, Your goal is to prevent dehydration, avoid solid foods and dairy products until the vomiting and diarrhea have passed.
Take light food, avoid spicy food, dairy or fried foods that are high in fat and sugar.
Also, drink plenty of fluids and avoid milk and caffeine contained drinks.
One should visit a doctor if severe diarrhea and vomiting last for three days, you have a fever or see blood in stools or urine.
In that case, visit your doctor for the blood test check up to know the type of food poisoning.
It can treat at home in mild cases, and it’s essential to remain hydrated.
- Avoid caffeine drinks
- Drink tea of soothing herbs such as chamomile, peppermint or mint leaves
- Eat low-fat foods, and that can get digested easily.
These foods include bananas, gelatin, rice, oatmeal, chicken broth, boiled vegetables, potatoes or fruit juices.
As per Healthline, Foods to be avoided in food poisoning includes:
- Highly seasoned foods or spicy foods
- Foods with high sugar content
- Fried foods
- Dairy products such as milk, or cheese
- Fatty foods
- Avoid drinks such as soda, sports drink, coffee
- Avoid alcohol or nicotine
It is advisable to wash hands before eating or cooking food. Make sure to eat properly cooked food, use foods that are properly sealed and stored.
When buying stored food makes sure to check the expiry date.
Always wash vegetables and fruits before serving.